This information was gathered while I studied, and considered walking upon, the Wiccan path, since that was the majority of information available to me. The ideas mentioned are basic learning tools, even though the beliefs I have embraced may not call for them. This information signifies a past state of mind and a past practice of mine, so you are free to learn from it as I continue to learn while on my own path.
A comment concerning "The color of Magick". Many refer to the type of spells they cast as white, black, even gray, magick, but in fact, magick is colorless. Magick is magick and is dependent, not only on balance, but the intentions of the spellcrafter. In the olde days, the only labels magick carried was what the spell's purpose was.....now what the spellcrafter did with the intent was up to them, and carried consequences.....you either reaped rewards or suffered the fate of the one you wronged.
Often, I have been asked for spells that are obviously for selfish reasons. The person asking is not Pagan, nor a Witch, but looking for someone and/or something to make life easier for them. My response is usually: "Life is hard, and it will always be hard if you expect someone to provide you with an easy fix for every little problem life throws at you. You cannot learn and grow if you do not make the effort yourself." In other words, do not contact me about performing, or giving out, spells, especially if it about "love". I will NOT help you manipulate another person into loving you...it is NOT real love if you force them into it via trickery. If you contact me about this, I will ignore you, I will delete the email, I will block your email address, so you may not be able to contact me again. Are we understood?
Some personal rules for teaching or giving out spells.
#1 - I never ask for payment for any help I give. I did not become a Witch to make money off of other people or their needs.
#2 - Of course I want to know what is behind the asking. If they intend to harm someone else, manipulate another, or do something for a completely selfish need; the magick will only backfire and come back to hurt them. I would not give a child a loaded gun and say, "now you be careful with that while you play with it", the asker is the child, a spell could be the very gun that hurts another.
#3 - If I give someone a spell, I teach them its how, when, why, where, what and who; they need to understand everything it is about, the consequences, and they need to understand their own need for it.
Please read: The Witches Rune and The Witches Creed
ALL ABOUT SPELLS
The spell is at the heart of folk magick. it is simply a ritual in which various tools are purposefully used, the goal is fully stated (in words, pictures or within the mind) and energy is moved to bring about the needed result.
Spells can be as simple as reciting a short chant over a fresh rose while placing it between two pink candles in order to draw love; forming and retaining an image of the needed result in the mind; or placing a quartz crystal in a sunny window for protection purposes.
To perform effective magick - three necessities must be present: The Need, the Emotion and the Knowledge. The Need, though personal should not be of a selfish or manipulative nature. The Emotion should be positive, devoid of any malice or negativity. The Knowledge should have been obtained from a dedication to the Craft, and a commitment to study and learning.
It has been said that magick was the first religion, a dedication to and worship of nature. If you lovingly utilize the forces of nature to cause beneficial change, you also become one of them. Such were the ways of the women of the communities; the herbalists, healers, midwives and counselors.
It is these powers that have been personified as Goddesses and Gods. Attuning with them is a spiritual experience and is the basic of all true religion.
When you perform a spell, it's important to be specific in what you want to achieve. If you are vague, your energy can be misdirected and bring you something you didn't intend to receive. If you desire something- money, love, or even protection, you need to focus specifically on what you want, not project a general idea. If you ask only for love or money, you may receive one of these things at the expense of another person. Focus on exactly what you want, not just on a general idea. If you don't, it can result in the projection of unintended negativity. This is not something that can and will happen, but something that can and MIGHT happen.
HOW TO PREVENT A NEGATIVE SPELL
There are ways to help prevent your energy from bringing you something you didn't intend to receive. First, of course, is to be specific about what you want. As specific as possible, before each spell, visualize your goal, imagine receiving what you need, and imagine what your life will be like after receiving it. Concentrate as long as you can stand it. State how you would like to receive your goal- the money in this example- in a lump sum, or in a series of sums- but also state a time limit. Maybe you would like to receive it within the month. Also, state that you wish for it to be enough money to pay for what you need. Don't ask for a million dollars when all you need is 500 dollars. And, when you end your spell, say, "This or something better now comes to me," or form your own similar phrase to say. This insures that if the god and goddess have more in store for you than you asked for, you will receive it. You asked for 500 dollars, but what if circumstances are enabling you to receive 2000 dollars? Speaking a similar phrase keeps the door open to better possibilities.
Also, an extremely important thing to remember before ending a spell, is to speak words to help prevent your energy from being directed in a negative way. This should be a standard ritual for you- to speak protective words before ending every spell. Saying, "For the good of all, and my energy harms none," is a good phrase to use. This helps to keep your intended positive spell from unexpectedly harming someone.
Simple candle spell guideline: What you need- a candle corresponding with the intent of your spell, a candle holder, a piece of paper (plain paper or parchment paper), oil to anoint your candle.
First, light your altar candle.
Cast the circle, invite the deities, guardians, etc. Raise your energy and focus on the goal of your spell. Sit at your altar and anoint and charge the spell candle. Place the candle in the holder and light it, saying words you wrote, derived from your intention (to bring a new love into your life, you can say, "I am loved because I love, bring a new love into my life.") Now, write on your paper a description of what you want to receive. For a new love, write the characteristics of your ideal mate (NOT a specific person). Fold the paper up and place it on your altar. Release your energy, bid farewell to the deities, and close the circle. Allow your spell candle to burn down completely in a place it will be undisturbed. Place the paper in a safe place. When you see the results of your spell, burn the paper.
FOCUS, FOCUS, FOCUS
Remember, one of the most important elements in spellcrafting is FOCUS. You must focus completely on your goal. Visualize it in detail after you raise your energy and before proceeding with the spell. Take as long as you feel necessary to effectively visualize your detailed goal. Visualize it as you perform the spell as well. Without complete focus, your spells will likely be ineffective.
A question I am often asked is, "Should I memorize my spells?" Yes, this is important also. How can you focus if you don't remember how to proceed? And how can you focus if you are reading from a piece of paper? Yes, memorize your spells.
What is a spell? It's a prayer with props.....simple really.
COMPOSE THE RHYME OR WORDS OF POWER
Clearly state your need.
Clearly state all dimensions of your need (enduring love, rather than just love; complete protection, rather than just physical protection; etc.).
If possible, mention some of the tools that you've decided to use in the spell in your words of power or magickal rhyme. Indeed, for some spells, these words may help you to structure the entire rhyme or chant.
Use hypnotic words (those beginning with 's" or containing a "z") for psychic-awareness, love, healing spells; Use potent, strong words for protection spells; match the words to the type of ritual you're composing.
Don't expect the words to simply flow from you. Work at it & work with them. Your psychic mind knows what you need.
Any spell that can be done at all, can be done with empty hands, in silence, any place where you can get a few minutes' peace and quiet. However, most of us, most of the time, prefer a little more help than that. The less experienced one is, the more tired or out-of-focus, the more useful the externals and stage props of magic are. The externals are also very helpful -- almost essential -- to get a group focused together on a magical effort. The more you work with groups, the more valuable it is to use the same symbol systems that are known and accepted by others.
Still, don't get carried away by the externals. If you're spending half your grocery money on altar tools, if you panic because you can't find the proper herb or stone, or if trying to remember the words of a spell distracts you from focusing on the intent -- it's time to go back to basics, and remind yourself of what's really important.
With that in mind, let's look at a few of the varieties of spellwork:
These work best when they are short, rhythmic, and state clearly the purpose of the working. Repeated over and over, they function as musical chants do, to silence distractions in your mind and to focus on the goal and raise energy. A purposeful bit of doggerel you create for the occasion will work better than some elegantly worded piece of poetry written by a stranger that you've copied out of a book and used by rote. The spells you find in books are suggestions and possibilities, nothing more.
Crystals , stones, herbs, colors, bits of jewelry -- these things have no inherent magical value; they are symbol systems only. What works for you, works. Any object can be a focus and vehicle of magical intent; if you can't come up with, say, a doubly-terminated amethyst crystal, wrapped in silver wire and tied into an orange cloth with three bay leaves and a copper coin, then use a pebble from your driveway or a twig donated by a nearby bush instead. The symbol systems used in talisman making can be useful ways of visualizing the goal and focusing your efforts -- but don't make the mistake of thinking these symbols have any inherent or absolute magical power. They contain only the power we give to them.
The one exception to this is -- sometimes -- Herb Magick. Certain herbs do have a medicinal effect when ingested; certain scents do trigger hard-wired responses in the human mind and body. Herbs with such effects should be used only as lore indicates. Herbs and scents whose magical value is purely symbolic, however, may be adapted and customized just like any other magical tool.
You can focus magical energy into a talisman gradually, as you are creating it, or afterwards with a cone of power or some such -- or both.
Knots may be tied with magical intent. Several people may tie their cords together, to combine magical effort. The knotted cord may be burned to release the magic (natural fibers only, please!), or it may be kept like any other talisman, or it may be used as a meditation device, fingering the knots like the beads of a rosary. The later untying of knots may also be part of the spell.
Some Witches keep one magical cord, and use it over and over; others use a new cord for each spell. The traditional Witch's Ladder is a nine-foot cord with forty knots; however, if this proves unwieldy, use whatever length works for you. Depending upon the application, anything from thread to finger-thick cord may be suitable.
One powerful group technique is the weaving of a web. A ball of yarn is tossed back and forth across the circle, unwinding as it goes, while participants sing some appropriate web-weaving chant and/or shout out words or phrases appropriate to the goal. Knots may be tied in the web, or small objects fastened into it. The group can raise more energy by dancing the finished web around in a circle, raising it up and down (perhaps with the person who is the target of the magical working lying on top of it... Whee! what a ride!), firing a cone of power into it, or whatever. This can be a wonderful group bonding exercise, too.
It needs at least seven people; if you've got more than twenty you might want more than one ball of yarn going at once. Start with a solidly wound sphere of yarn; soft machine-wound yarn balls have lousy aerodynamic properties.
Burning something written on a piece of paper: This can be done for many different purposes. Burn the name of something you want to banish, and let the flames destroy it. Burn a prayer or a thank-you message or a promise, with or without a pinch of incense, as a way of sending it to the gods. Burn a goal or commitment, as a way of making it irrevocable (it can no longer be erased or changed) and of adding the fire's energy to it. Burn a message to ash, then add the ash to a talisman.
The good thing about candle spells is that magical energy is being released the entire time the candle is burning. The bad thing about candle spells is that a candle is a fire hazard for the entire time that it's lit. A long-burning candle should be contained in a sturdy, non-tipable jar; a taper left burning unattended should be in a sink or a similarly sturdy, fireproof basin out of the reach of pets and children. Watch out, too, for overhanging hazards such as cupboard doors that could swing out over the flame.
Occult supply shops are full of special-purpose candles at exorbitant prices. Don't waste your money on them; a candle you prepare for yourself is far better than an assembly-line product created by strangers.
Take a candle -- any plain candle will do -- charge it with magical intent and a strong visualization of your intended goal, and then burn it. If you wish, you can meditate further upon the goal while the candle burns in front of you. Don't spend too long staring at a candle flame at close range; you may damage your eyes.
If you want to get more elaborate, do some or all of the following: Choose a candle whose color corresponds to the magical purpose at hand. Rub the candle with appropriate scented oil, or warm it enough that the wax is slightly soft, and roll it in appropriate incense or powdered herbs. Carve or write suitable words or symbols on it.
If you're into making your own candles (and stubs of old candles, provided they're not magically charged, can be recycled in this way), you can combine the colors you want, add herbs or scented oils to the melted wax, mold or carve the candle in a particular shape, or build a candle in layers that will burn in the appropriate sequence. As with any other magical work, the more focused effort and intent you put into creating a ritual tool, the more effective it will be when you use it. We can't all forge our own athames, but most of us can melt a little wax in a double boiler and pour or dip a candle.
Any physical action that effectively models the magical intent can be used as a part of spellwork. This can include flushing down the toilet a symbol of something you want to get rid of (be careful not to clog the drain!), tying two people (or dolls representing them) together at a handfasting, or sprinkling water on a map of an area where rain is needed. Spellbooks will give you some ideas, but if a book doesn't have what you want, use your imagination. Work with the available materials and practical constraints. Be creative -- but you don't have to be elaborate. Read Wiccan texts to learn some of the symbols, and systems of symbols, that are available -- and then apply them in a way that works for you.
Cone of Power:
This is simply a way for a group to simultaneously raise magical energy and direct it to a goal. There are many possible external procedures used to raise and shape and direct the energy. It may be fired off in a slow trickle or in a sudden climactic burst. It may be used to charge an object that's physically present, or sent off to some distant target. Usually the cone of power is directed by one person -- but not necessarily. The only external characteristic that all cones of power have in common is that the participants stand (or sit) in a circle, facing inward.
No matter what the external process or the accompanying visualization, all good cones of power feel much the same internally.
If a cone of power is fired off in a single burst, the release feels a bit like a good orgasm. This is no coincidence. Magical energy and sexual energy are made of the same stuff and are often interchangeable; this is the "secret" behind all sex magic techniques, and is also the reason why most Witches choose a day or two of sexual abstinence before a major magical working.
An orgasm is also, incidentally, a failproof and pleasant way to ground leftover magical energy when you get home after a ritual.
The ethics of magic is a subject important enough to demand repeated discussion. In summary, though, the rule is this: examine every spell you do for its ethical implications before you begin. Are there any ways in which the intended result could cause harm to anyone or anything? (Remember, a gain for one person can mean an undeserved loss for another, and rain in your parched garden could translate to flash floods or drought fifty miles away.) Are there any loopholes in the wording or intent? (Remember the cautionary tale of The Monkey's Paw.) Are you willing to pay the necessary price, and to follow up the spellwork with effort of the more mundane sort? Are you resorting to magic too soon, before other alternatives have been adequately tried? Do you have the consent of the intended recipient of the magical gift? Is what you're asking for what you really want? Is there any potential for harm in this spell? Communing with your deities will most definitely help you come to the correct decisions.
In essence, Moonsilver can be considered the pagan's version of "holy water". It may be used during full moon rituals to intensify one's closeness with the moon herself.To create Moonsilver
On the night of a full moon, fill a silver chalice with clear spring water, hold it upwards to the moon. Then recite:
Please note that there is another connotation of moonsilver that can lead to severe illness and/or death. The waxing crescent moon is also the alchemist symbol for mercury, also known as quicksilver or liquid silver, and hence its association with the term moonsilver. However, inhaling or ingesting mercury is a dangerous deed, so the handling of mercury should not be considered for any type of ritual or spellcraft.
Natural Witchcraft / Elementalism: The practice of working directly with the natural powers without religious figures or outlook. The energies of Earth, Air, Water, & Fire are addressed in spells and rituals and their power is channeled toward your goals. The theory, that the heathen divinities originated in the personification of elemental powers.
Now my mate, Kaber, is a Wizard who focuses his interests on Elementalism, and I give to you his writings upon the subject.
Elementalism is manipulating the energy around you through the use of visualization and focusing it for a specific purpose. The energy around us comes from the elements of Earth, Fire, Water, Air and spirit. They can be combined as say steam (Water-air). The more elements you draw from the greater the energy but you must beware of opposing forces. Using Fire and Water as base elements in which to draw from may cause conflict and your "Spell" will not have the desired results. Use opposing elements to produce greater energy (Earth-air=storm) then use that energy.
Some thoughts, on using the elements, by defining them.
Earth is a grounding force; it is solid, wall like; unmovable as a whole and very physical. It is the manifestation of a reality that we can touch. It is also passive. It is foundation and rarely causes change but is often affected by change. Because of its stability it is a good focal point, ie: crystals, metals, stones, etc. but too much and it will ground the energy around you.
Air is invisible; it moves at will. It is a carrier, a messenger. It sees all. Intangible and hard to define it surrounds everyone and everything. Air is playful. It embodies freedom, flight, fantasy and the heavens. It is a carefree traveler. Combined with earth however, air can become savage in the form of a storm. As thunder it heralds the coming storm, it is the messenger of destruction. It can cause great damage itself when "angered" as the tornado. Swift, howling rage beating from all directions.
Fire is highly energetic; it consumes even as it lights. It needs air to lift it and earth to fuel it. It is quick, decisive, like lightning. In small amounts it too is playful, party like. It is the light and it is a focal point. It dances, mesmerizing, hypnotizing. colorful, flamboyant. It radiates energy and that energy lights the darkness, burns away the unnecessary. It is a symbol of rapid change and of love. Fire is romantic and mysterious. Passionate and bold. Its light is revealing; showing the hidden things. It is protective, keeping the creatures of the night at bay. As air it can grow uncontrollable. It is fury, a dragon?s rage. It will destroy indiscriminately. Consuming all in its path, it is vengeance leaving only ash and dust in its wake. Be very careful when using fire it can backlash and it will burn the hand that uses it.
Water is reflective, meditative; calming, soothing. It is a healer, washing away the dirt and purifying. It is a voyager and it keeps many secrets within its depths. Water generally moves slow but changes much. It erodes earth and puts out fire. It is the color blue, it is tolerance and understanding; patience and practice. It is a sustainer, life giver. Water is a symbol of the psychic, and altered states, the depths of the mind. It flows to fit any container, malleable, it represents adaptation, change to fit any environment. It can take the forms of a solid, a gas, liquid and plasma. It too can be destructive. It can rise to a torrent, washing away all around you. Its energy can become to much to control and thus "drown" you. Its beauty can be misleading and draw you further into its depths. It is turmoil. It can conflict with earth and beat against obstacles in its way until they fall; undermining the course set for it.
Spirit is the force of energy within us and surrounds all around us. Like air it is intangible but its presence is strong. It is the guide, the seeker and teacher. It is divine in nature and cosmic in energy. It is thought made reality, White and Gold it is universal and powerful. It binds all forces together and with it you can manipulate all elemental energies. It knows no distance or boundary. It has no concept of time or place. It is knowledge and wisdom. It too is a healer and a protector. Practice and patience, it teaches us. It can be used for good or ill but in itself is neither a builder nor destroyer. It is charged, positive or negative. Repelling or drawing. It shapes other energies according to one?s will.
So hope this helps for those of you wishing to explore more about Elementalism. The definitions give examples of how you may use certain focal objects or associated energies to achieve desired results.
The "Blue Feather Effect", essentially what you think, you can make real. I first came upon this idea while reading a book by Richard Bach called "Illusions". Though listed as a fictional work, this book touches upon valid metaphysical ideals. The "master" demonstrates to his pupil a technique for altering reality through the mind. To best explain it, try this little technique for yourself:
Close your eyes and picture an object of desire. It can be money or a car or anything physical. Hold it in your mind in a void. See yourself holding the object or within the object. Once you have a clear picture open your eyes and think no more of it. Generally within 3 days it will come to you.
The idea is that mental energy can alter physical reality, just like spells. Spells require "material components" such as a symbol or words to focus energy. Emotion intensifies the energy and vocalization imprints your will on the cosmos via vibration. It is the manipulation of energy that functions much like a spell, but only using ones will and mind as focal points.
Now there is something to be said for will power. It seems if an opposing will is stronger than your own, then your "Blue Feathering" may not function as wished. I still haven't figured out all the laws that govern this effect, but I have used it many times successfully.
1.Law of Knowledge: to effect/affect a thing you must know the thing. The more you know about yourself the more you can know something else.
2. Law of Identification: with your will you can become anything- be one with anything.(Our only tool is the brain)
3. Law of Contagion: anything that has been in contact with something else maintains contact with that thing through the ether.
4. Law of Names: knowing the True Name of something defines the action you take to focus a function on that thing.
5. Law of Cause and Effect: under exactly the same conditions using the same actions you will always obtain the same results.
6. Law of Infinite Data: there is more in the universe than we can sense or know. Learning never stops.
7. Law of Association: if a thing reminds you of something else it can be used as a simulacrum for that something else for magickal purposes.
8. Law of Infinite Universes: change your perspective in one area and you change your universe. There are always three choices available.
9. Law of Invocation and Evocation: there are forces outside and inside of you that you can tap and direct through your brain.
10. Law of Pragmatism: if it works, it is true.
11. Law of Predestination and Free Will: events are predestined, each person chooses whether and to what extent to participate in them.
12. Law of Polarity: everything contains and implies its opposite.
a. As above so below. You can extrapolate the universe from one atom.
b.Rhythm serves as a counterbalancing pendulum.
c."Chance" is a Law which tends to be ignored.
d."Time" is a function of perspective, subject to the aggregate psychological outlook of your society.
e. Matter is a function of energy, energy can be converted but not destroyed.
f. The combination of any two energy forms will result in a third energy form more complex than the combination of the original two.
g. Even though there are always three choices available, you can always think of another one.
h. There is no such thing as a wrong emotion, just an incorrect interpretation and manifestation thereof.
i. Don't take yourself too seriously for you are a physical function of a very young race. And Life is a lowlife clever practical joker that loves to piss on your plans - keep your sense of humor.
j. It may not matter 10,000 years from now, but if it affects you it matters. Understand it and react accordingly.
k. Don't pee in the beer.
Spells are essentially prayers with props, but components are not always a necessary item. Basically, use what you feel is right, whether it is crystals, candles, herbs, incense, or just words felt deep within you. Spells can be done as simply as just visualizing and chanting, or as ornate as a ritual.
To send back negativity, bad intentions or a curse, to its source, picture yourself as a mirror. Hold yourself firm against the bad-will wisher and say to yourself:
Keep repeating the words until you feel the bad will as been successfully returned to its originator.
This spell is a personal warning to one who tried to invade my home. The dragons have been raised up, the home is under protection, and the one responsible will be found....and dealt with accordingly.
The 3 verses of my chant have individual meanings, the first is how I cleansed the home and laid down protection, the second is the sending out of the dragon to track down who the invader is, the third is a blunt statement to that person: your method of invasion was thwarted, and you will be too.
This spell can be used to neutralize the power of those who intend to hurt your reputation, in any way pose a threat to your security, or who want to do you physical harm.
Mix the sea salt, orris-root powder, and iron in a bowl. Then cut a piece of parchment to fit inside your bottle and write on it in black ink:
Roll up the parchment, tie it with black thread to bind it, and place it in the bottle. Fill the bottle with the dry ingredients. Then take the white candle and, while turning the bottle counterclockwise, drip wax over the cork to seal it. Last, secretly bury the bottle in a place where it will not be disturbed and no animal or person will dig it up. It should never be opened or the power of the spell is lost.
If you know that someone has been casting negativity at you, first you need to find out exactly who, so you send out a "tracer".Summoning
Find twelve stones of similar size and place them in a circle and put fire wood in it. Start a campfire. Take twelve more stones and place them around you in a circle. Sit down and take a knife and trace a triangle with it. Stare at the triangle until dusk and then stab the center. After that, stare at the dusk sky, then into the fire. Say; "Great dragon, I waken you from your sleep!" Wait for the rush. Then get inspired from the feelings.
Reflect back the negativity and the dragon will follow it to its source. When that person hears the roar of the dragon, most likely they will immediately try and reflect it back to whence it came. Fine, because all that person is doing is giving the dragon his/her name, and giving you the information for further use.
You know now who has been trying to hurt you, so you can protect yourself appropriately, and plan any further actions if need be.
Sit in front of the mirror, turn off the lights, and light the candle. Set the candle next to the mirror so the light from it can hit your face, but so you will not see the candle in the mirror.
After this is done, look into your eyes and say:
Stare into your eyes and do not blink. Your reflection will dissolve and another will appear. Try to look at the face, body, clothing and surroundings. After you do this you will have emotions you can not explain. Don't worry they go away in a few minutes.
This is a coming into one's self ritual for teens......those that are scared of going out into the world, or going off to college....even for those starting high school. They need to know that someone is watching out for them, and to have confidence in themselves as well. As with all rituals, this should be performed by an experienced witch, not a novice.
Light a green candle at the North point of the pentacle, saying: Bless the ground walked upon and protect (use name or preposition, such as him/her/they).
Light a yellow candle at the East point, saying: Bless the wind and give rise to dreams.
Light a red candle at the South point, saying: Bless passion, yet remain clear minded.
Light a blue candle at the West point, saying: Bless with soothing calmness and peace.
Directly in the center of the pentacle, light frankincense incense for it is cleansing for the mind.
Athena : Guard (use name or preposition) with sword and shield; grant wisdom.
Artemis : Guard (use name or preposition) with bow and staff; grant compassion.
Hecate : Guard (use name or preposition) while life?s journeys are made.
Hades : If one should fall and enter your realm, guard (use him or her) well until life fills (use him or her) once again.
Persephone : As you stand by your husband, stand by and protect (use name or preposition).
Blessed is/are (use name or preposition).
Blessed is/are (use name or preposition) by all the gods and goddesses.
Blessed is/are (use name or preposition) by the ancients; holders of all power, knowledge and wisdom.
Go to the person or persons, using bay leaf oil, draw a pentacle upon their forehead, saying: You are now blessed by the ancients; use your talents, use them wisely; believe in yourself, for you are loved and protected.
Leave the person/persons alone so he/she/they may think about the ritual; let the candles and incense burn out by itself.